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如何快速写好SCI论文结果部分?

日期: 2017-09-15
浏览次数: 38
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结果部分是SCI论文的重要组成部分,它反映了论文水平的高低及价值,是需要作者花费大量时间和精力写作的内容之一。关于结果部分的写作,不少作者会问,如何快速写好SCI论文结果呢?

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首先,应该明确结果部分要写什么?结果的内容包括真实可靠的观察和研究结果,测定的数据,导出的公式,典型病例、取得的图像、效果的差异(有效与无效)、科学研究的理论结论等。对不符合主观设想的数据和结果,应作客观的分析报道。有的医学论文可将实验方法与结果连写。临床医学论文中也可将疗效标准、治疗结果和并发症写在结果内。

其次,应该清楚结果部分该怎么写?结果部分应根据不同情况分段叙述,可以设小标题,小标题之下亦可再设分标题。结果表达时应注意:


①数据表达要完整:报告结果的例数与人选研究对象的例数应吻合,剔除例数与剔除理由应交待,失访例数及因其他原因死亡例数也应写清楚,如有数据不全应作解释。如进行两组比较,应列出两组除研究因素以外的其他临床基线情况(base line),并进行均衡性检验,两组是否可比。

②科研设计时确定的科研假设主要测量指标,如在结果部分作丁更改应作解释。

③统计处理注意事项:当相对数的分母太小时,应报道绝对数,如10/20例,而不能只报告50%病例;应用的率和比应正确,选择的各种统计分析方法要正确,复杂的统计分析要作解释;应同时报道95%可信区间(95%CI)

④诊断试验的研究应报告灵敏度、特异度、预测值、似然比及受试者工作特征(ROC)曲线。

最后,应该明白结果部分英文该如何表达?描述不同的结果,用不同的表达方式效果更佳。

 

第一,对于显著性差异分析:

1)如果差异显著,可以这样描述:

a, …is higher/lower/increase/decrease…in/by/withor after the administration of A than/compared with B;

b, Significantlyincreased/decreased…was observed in A compared with B。

c, significant differencesin…were observed/witnessed between A and B;

d, Enhanced/Decreased…inresponse to A/B was observed…; 

e, A showedsignificant/better effect on …than/compared with B;

f, Asignificantly decreased/increase/improve …。 

2)如果差异有趋势,可以这样描述:

a, A similartrend was observed in…; 

b, A compared toC additionally trended to…;

c, …tend to…in Acompared with B;

d, A tendencytowards higher/lower…was seen in…。

3)如果差异不显著或结果类似,可以这样描述:

a, No impact ofA/B/(A and B) on…was demonstrated in the presented experiment;

b, No effect on…occurredwith or after the administration of A/B/(A and B);

c, No differencein…was observed/witnessed between A and B;

d, There was nodifference in…;

e, …in A and Bdid not differ;

f, …was notsignificantly altered by …-treatment…;

g, …was similarin all (between) groups and ranged from …to…。

4)如果两因素之间存在相互关系,比如干预和时间效应,可以这样描述:

a, A treatment ×period interaction/An interaction of treatment × week was observed for…as…(描述指标随时间变化);

b, There was an interactionof treatment × time for…。

另外,在描述结果时,可以尽量将两个相关的结果写在一句话中,用关联词链接,既可以使上下文衔接紧密,又可避免流水账式写法。如:

a, …in A and Bdid not differ, but … tended to be higher/lower with/in A/B;

b, …remained at arelatively low level, although a trend was observed for the increase/decreasein A/B in comparison with B/A;

c, A/B were not foundto affect/have no effect on…, but tendency to…was observed in B/A;

d, Despite/Inspite of no effect on…, A/B significantly increased/improved…;

e, Similartendencies, albeit not confirmed statistically/although not statisticallysignificant, were observed in the remaining groups in which patients were…;

f, A negativeeffect of…on…and a positive effect on…were observed。

第二,在描述相关性分析时,可以用:

a, …is verynegative significant correlated with …;

b, There is asignificant negative correlation between…and…;

c, Rises in…paralleledincrease in…;

d, …revealed asignificant correlation with…;

e, There was aninteraction between…and…。

第三,对生存分析的结果描述:

a, Survival curvesaccording to Kaplan-Meier showed: 1. Survival at…years is…%, with 95% CIbetween…and... ; 2. Survival estimate is…% at ... years;

b, Theoverall…-, …- and …-year survival rates of…were…%, …% and…%, respectively;

c, The overallsurvival rates of…were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier, with…%, …% and…% at…, …and… years, respectively;

d, The survivorshipanalysis (Kaplan-Meier) showed a…% survival of…after…years.

第四,针对诊断方法的灵敏度分析:

a, ROC analysis of …..determined that the cut-off valueof…yielded a sensitivity of…%, specificity of …%, … of …%, and…of…%;

b, A cut-off value of…resulted in a sensitivity,specificity, …and…of…%,…%,…% and…%, respectively。


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